I.Theme of the 2022 BRICS Summit
The Chinese side is ready to work with all BRICS partners to take stock of the BRICS cooperation, build consensus and draw up a blueprint under the theme To foster high-quality BRICS partnership, concrete efforts need to be made in the following four areas: First, we should consolidate the three-wheel-driven cooperation covering economic, political and people-to-people exchanges, aiming for broader and deeper BRICS cooperation. Second, we should enhance political mutual trust and intensify communication and coordination on major international and regional issues to jointly meet common challenges faced by mankind. Third, we need to deepen practical cooperation in all fields, fully deliver on the outcomes of the previous Summits and ensure that concrete results are achieved. Fourth, we should actively carry out dialogue and cooperation with other emerging markets and developing countries as well as international organizations to broaden South-South cooperation for common development and prosperity.
China believes that, by fostering more comprehensive, closer, more practical and inclusive high-quality partnership, BRICS countries will help usher in a new era for stronger, greener and healthier global development while pursuing our own development. China will maintain close coordination and cooperation with all the other members during the 2022 BRICS Chairship and in preparation for the 14th BRICS Summit in particular to ensure its success and write a new chapter for BRICS cooperation.
II.Cooperation Priorities in 2022
Enhance Political and Security Cooperation
It is important for BRICS countries to better coordinate our position within the United Nations and other multilateral frameworks, safeguard the UN-centered international system, and uphold the international order underpinned by international law and the basic norms of international relations based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.
Improve Global Economic Governance
BRICS countries need to strengthen cooperation on testing methods, therapeutic and the research, production and recognition of vaccines, facilitate an early launch of the BRICS Vaccine R&D Center in virtual format and host a seminar on vaccines cooperation in due course. We should work with the rest of the international community to uphold science-based approach for tracing COVID-19 origins and oppose politicization and stigmatization. We should translate the consensus that vaccines are a global public good into concrete actions, ensure their fair and equitable distribution as well as their accessibility and affordability in developing countries, and thus work together to close the immunization gap.
Strengthen Public Health Cooperation
BRICS countries should render our full support for the central coordinating role of the United Nations and the World Health Organization and improve the global disease prevention and control system in order to maintain global public health security. Under the framework of the UN and WHO, BRICS should support the improvement of global health governance, with the universal participation of all member states and on the basis of consensus, with a view to supporting developing countries in enhancing the capacity of public health services.
Boost World Economic Recovery
Strengthen Coordination on Macroeconomic Policies
BRICS should oppose unilateralism and protectionism, uphold the position of the multilateral trading regime as the main channel for international rules-setting, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, maintain security and stability of industrial and supply chains, promote the orderly flow of resources and factors of production and push for an economic globalization that is more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial for all.
Tap the Potentials for Innovation-driven Growth
It is important to give full play to the role of Trade Ministers’ Meeting and CGETI Meeting with a view to better implementing the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership 2025 and deepening cooperation in digital economy, e-commerce, trade in services and MSMEs for connectivity of industrial and supply chains and a higher-level development of intra-BRICS trade and investment.
Financial and Monetary Cooperation
BRICS countries should advance Partnership on New Industrial Revolution (PartNIR) at a faster pace, promote PartNIR Innovation Center in Xiamen and BRICS Institution of Future Network, work together to set up a Center for Industrial Competences and explore prospects for start-up cooperation. China will host the Forum on the Development of Industrial Internet and Digital Manufacturing, an industrial innovation contest, forum on future network innovation and forum on digital BRICS to deepen cooperation in artificial intelligence, big data, block chain, industrial internet, industrial and supply chains as well as in green and low-carbon area.
Science and Technology
BRICS countries should make full use of the BRICS Universities League and the BRICS Network University, promote exchanges and interactions between students and scholars and jointly cultivate high-level talents. It is important to establish a BRICS alliance for vocational education and hold vocational skills competitions to build a platform of cooperation between vocational education institutes and enterprises.
BRICS countries should further cooperation in joint enforcement, capacity building and administrative mutual assistance and conclude the BRICS Agreement on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters at an early date.
BRICS countries should put development front and centre on the global macro policy coordination, commit to the people-centered philosophy and start with solving the most pressing problems faced by developing countries to accelerate the implementation of 2030 Agenda. China will host the BRICS Forum on Big Data for Sustainable Development, which aims to strengthen exchanges and cooperation among our five countries on big data-informed policy making and implementation of the 2030 Agenda.
Support the United Nations in Playing an Overall Coordinating Role
BRICS countries should work towards a more equitable and balanced global development partnership for development with the North-South cooperation as the main channel. Developed countries should honor their Official Development Assistance（ODA）commitments on time and in full, scale up their support in terms of finance, technology and capacity building for developing countries, especially African countries, the least developed countries, small-island developing states and landlocked developing countries. Meanwhile, BRICS need to promote South-South cooperation to boost unity and prosperity of developing countries.
Promote Poverty Alleviation and Food Security
BRICS countries need to work with the international community to stay committed to the full and effective implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and Paris Agreement based on the principle of equity, Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and respective capabilities and according to the arrangement of Nationally Determined Contributions. China will host the BRICS High-level Meeting on Climate Change and the Environment Ministers Meeting to strengthen communication and coordination within BRICS countries, share expertise and technology for green and low-carbon transition. BRICS countries should put in place a BRICS space cooperation mechanism and release the application results of BRICS remote sensing satellite constellation as soon as possible to make contributions to BRICS countries’ response to climate change, natural disasters and environmental pollution.
Strengthen People-To-People Exchanges
BRICS cooperation needs to embrace changes and keep abreast with the times. We need to set clearer priorities in our wide-ranging cooperation, make our cooperation more results-oriented and ensure that its benefits are fully delivered. We need to adjust and improve the substance and modality of our cooperation on the basis of consensus to respond to the evolving circumstances and practical needs. Besides, we should reach out to more countries and international organizations through ‘BRICS Plus’ cooperation to keep broadening the BRICS ‘circle of friends’.
Copyright :International Research Center of Big Data for Sustainable Development Goals